How to Incorporate Mindfulness Practices in UK’s Primary Education?

Mindfulness, the practice of being present in the moment, has been making waves in various industries, from Google to mental health services. But recently, it’s making its way into an unexpected area: primary schools.

When you think of a primary school classroom, you might imagine a cacophony of noise, children running around, and teachers trying to regain control. It’s hardly the place you’d associate with mindfulness—a practice that requires calm, quiet, and a focus on the present. Yet, mindfulness has a lot to offer schools, teachers and, most importantly, children.

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Understanding Mindfulness in Education

The term ‘mindfulness’ is a translation of the Pali term ‘sati’, which means ‘awareness, attention, and remembering’. The concept has its roots in Buddhist meditative traditions, but it’s increasingly being used in a secular context to improve mental health, wellbeing, and even time management skills.

In a school setting, mindfulness is about helping children to focus their attention, manage their emotions, and promote their overall wellbeing. It has a positive impact on a child’s ability to focus, follow instructions, and stay calm. A study conducted by a group of independent researchers found that mindfulness training led to significant improvements in children’s attention, behaviour, and emotional regulation.

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The Benefits of Mindfulness in Schools

According to the Mental Health Foundation, three children in every UK primary school class have a diagnosable mental health issue. Furthermore, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has recently endorsed mindfulness-based therapy for adults who repeatedly fall into depression.

Mindfulness, when applied in schools, has shown to have a positive impact on student’s mental health. It enhances their ability to pay attention, control their behavior, and improves their emotional regulation. It also lowers stress levels and increases empathy and happiness among students.

Teachers who have incorporated mindfulness in their classrooms have reported improved group dynamics and a more positive environment for learning. Consequently, mindfulness-based activities like meditation and yoga are being touted as an effective means of promoting positive mental health and wellbeing in students.

How to Incorporate Mindfulness Practices in Schools

For schools that wish to incorporate mindfulness, the first step is to provide teachers with the necessary training. There are many mindfulness programmes available specifically for educators, such as the .b Foundations course offered by the Mindfulness in Schools Project or the Mindful Schools curriculum.

Teachers can start by setting aside a few minutes each day for mindfulness practice. This could be as simple as practising mindful breathing, where students are guided to focus on their breath, or it could involve more structured activities like yoga or guided meditation.

Teachers can also weave mindfulness into the curriculum by linking it to topics children are already learning about. For instance, in a science class about plants, students could be guided to mindfully observe and draw a plant, paying close attention to its colours, shapes, and textures.

Challenges and Solutions in Implementing Mindfulness in Schools

While the benefits of mindfulness in schools are clear, implementing it can come with its own set of challenges. The first and foremost challenge is likely to be time constraints. With a curriculum already packed with academic subjects, finding the time to incorporate a mindfulness practice can be tricky.

This is where creativity and flexibility come in. Mindfulness practices can be brief, even just a minute or two, and can be incorporated into transitions throughout the school day.

Another potential challenge is scepticism from parents or school staff who are unfamiliar with mindfulness and its benefits. In these cases, communication is key. Schools can hold information sessions or workshops to educate the school community about mindfulness and how it benefits students.

Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of mindfulness for children’s mental health and wellbeing are enormous. As more and more schools begin to recognise this, mindfulness is set to become a vital part of education in the UK. While it may take some time to see wide-scale adoption, the pioneers of mindfulness in schools are leading the way for a shift in the way we approach children’s mental health and learning.

Evaluating Mindfulness Practices in Schools

While there is an increasing body of evidence on mindfulness-based interventions for adults, research on mindfulness in primary schools is still relatively new. However, the emerging studies published on Google Scholar suggest that incorporating mindfulness in schools can have a positive influence not only on children’s mental health and emotion regulation, but also on their academic outcomes.

In a control group study by the University of Exeter, children who underwent mindfulness training showed increased focus and meta-cognition skills. These children demonstrated an ability to think about their own thinking, which is a crucial skill for learning. Despite this being a pre-post study design, the results were promising.

A school-based review published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that mindfulness resulted in significant improvements in attention, behaviour, and emotional regulation among primary aged children. However, the researchers acknowledged the need for more rigorous studies, including larger sample sizes and longer post-follow up periods, to further substantiate these findings.

Moreover, mindfulness practices can foster a positive group interaction dynamic, which is beneficial for learning. When children learn to be mindful, they also learn to be present with others, enhancing their social and emotional learning.

Future Directions for Mindfulness in Primary Education

The promising findings on mindfulness in schools have led to a proliferation of mindfulness-based interventions in the UK’s primary education system. However, the field is still in its early stages, and there are many challenges to overcome, including time constraints, parent and staff scepticism, and the need for adequate teacher training.

Moreover, there is a call for more rigorous research to establish the long-term effects of mindfulness practices on children’s mental health, emotional regulation, and academic outcomes. Even with robust findings, there could be variation in the effectiveness of different mindfulness practices, and individual differences among children should also be considered.

The future direction of mindfulness in schools should therefore be guided by ongoing research, teacher training, and mindfulness-based programme development.


In conclusion, mindfulness has the potential to be a powerful tool in promoting mental health, emotional regulation and academic success among primary aged children. Despite the challenges of incorporating it into the curriculum, educators’ creativity and flexibility can make it a feasible addition. It’s also crucial that we continue to educate parents, school staff, and the wider community about the benefits of mindfulness.

The future of mindfulness in primary education in the UK looks promising and is being backed by an ever-growing body of research. It’s likely that mindfulness, with its emphasis on presence, calm, and focus, will become an integral component of primary education. As research and practice continue to evolve, we can look forward to a shift in the way we approach children’s mental health and learning, underpinned by the principles of mindfulness.

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